England does have the authority of being the "Mother/Father" of the game and the country to have invented the game. It is the English who are known to have written down the rules of what is known as the uniform and accepted version of the sport. Furthermore, it is in trade and commerce, that they were able to transport the sport across the world. As they were able to bring the original futbol/ soccer ball, port to port.
England took part in one of the most memorable and controversial moments in all of World Cup History. They iconically won their one and only title in 1966, where the running theory is, if goal line technology existed, England should have not been rewarded the goal against Germany. But that is futbol/ soccer and if we are honest with ourselves, you always need that luck to be World Champions. Where rumor has it, the line judge being Russian, who were allies with the English during the second world war and enemies of Germany (the runner ups that year), may have had some hidden or not so hidden prejudice to allow any close call to favor the home team. We say home team, as the 1966 World Cup was being played in England, where England along with Uruguay, Italy, France, and Germany are the countries to have hoisted the title while hosting the World Cup.
In continuation to the World Cup victory in 1966, there was a sort of English renaissance within the sport (which not so coincidentally) aligns to the English music renaissance headlined by the Beatles and Rolling Stones. It's almost as the grey years of the post second world war (resonated with poverty, hunger, and depression) was dissipating in the early 50s, and it was in the 60s that it gave rise to a new and lively England.
But as lady luck has it, fortunes and misfortunes do go both ways. England were the victims and participating party to arguable the most iconic moment in all of World Cup competitions. And yes that is Maradona's "hand of God". It was the English that were victims to arguably the most contentious goal scored by whom people consider to be the GOAT of the sport, that potentially could have costed the England team a semifinal place in the World Cup. They were then also victim to the next, arguably, iconic goal of Maradona slicing through the entire England team, less than a couple minutes apart from the "hand of God" goal, which makes that sequence between Argentina and England, perpetual. Now add the fact that England and Argentina are arguably one of England's Top 5 biggest rivalries, fueled by not only moments on the pitch but politics outside (Las Islas Malvinas/Falkland Islands).
Other major championships: They have won 0 European Championships with 1 runner up position.