Pele and the first Golden Era of Brazil does hide the fact that Germany should be considered the All Time Powerhouse in World Futbol/Soccer. The reason for saying this is that they are the most consistent, where they are like the "machine" that folks refer them to be. There isn't a striking Golden Era that you can pin point to in being as the best for the German National Team, however, there is merit in consistently being relevant and dangerous to winning the Cup.
Germany has won four World Cup Titles, four Runner-Ups, and four Third Place Finishes. They are the only nation to have 10+ Top 3 finishes.
Franz Beckenbauer is the ultimate example of German Futbol/Soccer. Beckenbauer is one of three people to have ever won a World Cup title as both a player and manager (Zagallo and Deschamps are the other two). Jurgen Klinsmann was close in joining Beckenbauer, as he won it as a player, and just fell short in 2006 (they finished in 3rd place).
Germany took part in two of the most memorable moments in all of World Cup History. The first one is being in the most memorable loss, in which they lost to England in 1966. Where the running theory is, if goal line technology existed, England should have not been rewarded the goal and thus putting their one World Cup Title into question. The other came in a 7-1 victory over Brazil in 2014 AT Brazil (the semifinal match) in which we know as the Agony of Mineirão (giving Brazil its most humiliating lost in their history).
Other major championships: They have won 3 European Championships with 3 runner ups.